Crate Training Adult Dogs-A Guide to a Happy Dog

As a dog enthusiast and experienced dog owner, I firmly believe in the benefits of crate training for adult dogs. Crate training is not only a useful tool for housebreaking but also provides numerous advantages for both dog and owner. In this article I will share my insights, suggestions, and reasons for crate training adult dogs, aiming to help you establish a positive and successful crate training experience.


What is crate training?

Crate training involves using a crate or kennel as a safe and comfortable space for your adult dog. It serves as a den-like environment where they can relax, sleep, and feel secure. The crate should be appropriately sized to allow your dog to stand, turn around, and lie down comfortably.

Benefits of crate training for adult dogs

Crate training offers several benefits for adult dogs. Firstly, it aids in housebreaking, as dogs naturally avoid soiling their living space. Secondly, it provides a safe haven for your dog, reducing anxiety and stress, especially during times of high activity or when visitors are around. Additionally, crates are valuable when traveling or staying in unfamiliar environments, offering familiarity and security. Lastly, crate training helps manage and prevent destructive behaviors by providing a designated space for your dog.

My personal experience with crate training

I have personally witnessed the positive impact crate training has on adult dogs. When I first adopted my adult Labrador Retriever, Max, he was quite anxious and had a tendency to chew on furniture. After implementing crate training, Max’s behavior improved significantly. He became more relaxed, and his destructive tendencies subsided. Crate training not only provided him with a safe space but also established a routine and helped with housebreaking. Seeing these positive results encouraged me to share the benefits of crate training with other dog owners.

Getting started with crate training

To ensure a successful crate training experience, it’s essential to follow a few key steps.

Choosing the right crate

Selecting the appropriate crate is crucial. Opt for a crate that allows your dog to comfortably stand, turn around, and lie down. It should be well-ventilated and sturdy. There are different types of crates available, such as wire crates and plastic crates. Consider your dog’s size, temperament, and specific needs when choosing the crate.

Introducing the crate to your dog

Introducing the crate to your dog should be a positive and gradual process. Start by placing the crate in an area where your dog spends most of their time. Leave the door open and allow your dog to explore the crate at their own pace. Encourage them with treats, toys, and praise. Avoid forcing your dog into the crate or making it a negative experience.

Making the crate comfortable and inviting

Make the crate a cozy and inviting space for your dog. Place a comfortable bed or blanket inside, along with some of their favorite toys. You can also add a shirt or towel with your scent to provide familiarity. Ensure the crate is placed in a quiet area where your dog can rest undisturbed.

Establishing a routine

Consistency and positive reinforcement are key when establishing a crate training routine for your adult dog.

Using positive reinforcement

Reward your dog with treats, praise, and affection when they willingly enter and stay in the crate. Positive reinforcement helps create a positive association with the crate and encourages your dog to view it as a safe and enjoyable space.

Setting a schedule for crate time

Establish a schedule for crate time to provide structure for your dog. Begin with short periods, gradually increasing the duration as your dog becomes more comfortable. Incorporate regular crate sessions throughout the day, including meal times and nap times. Consistency will help your dog adapt to the routine and understand crate time as a normal part of their day.

Gradually increasing crate time

As your dog becomes accustomed to the crate, gradually increase the time they spend inside. Start by closing the door for short periods while you are present. Stay nearby and engage in calming activities, such as reading a book or working on a quiet task. Gradually extend the time your dog spends in the crate, always monitoring their comfort level and providing positive reinforcement.

Using the crate for housebreaking

Crate training can be a valuable tool for housebreaking adult dogs, helping them develop good toileting habits and reducing accidents in the house.

Benefits of crate training for housebreaking

When properly utilized, the crate becomes a valuable aid in housebreaking. Dogs naturally avoid soiling their living space, and the crate takes advantage of this instinct. By confining your dog to the crate when you cannot directly supervise them, you reduce the chances of accidents and reinforce the concept of a designated toileting area.

Establishing a toileting routine

Create a consistent toileting routine for your dog. Take them outside to their designated toileting area after meals, play sessions, and waking up from naps. Use a command or cue to signal the desired behavior, such as “go potty” or “do your business.” When your dog successfully eliminates outside, reward them with praise and treats. In case of accidents, avoid scolding or punishing your dog, as this can create anxiety and hinder the housebreaking process.

Reinforcing good behavior

Whenever your dog eliminates in the appropriate area, provide positive reinforcement. This can be in the form of praise, treats, or a short play session. Positive reinforcement helps your dog associate the desired behavior with rewards and encourages them to continue using the designated toileting area.

Providing a safe haven

The crate serves as a safe haven for your adult dog, providing them with a sense of security and a place to retreat to when they need rest or solitude.

Creating a den-like environment

Dogs have an instinctual need for a den-like space where they can feel secure. The crate fulfills this need by offering a small, enclosed area that mimics a den. Ensure the crate is comfortable, quiet, and free from any potential hazards.

Reducing anxiety and stress

The crate acts as a calming refuge for your dog during times of high activity, loud noises, or when visitors are present. By retreating to the crate, your dog can escape from overwhelming situations and find comfort in their own space. Make sure to provide a crate cover or a blanket to create a cozy and secure atmosphere.

Giving your dog a place to relax

Just like humans, dogs need their own space to unwind and recharge. The crate can serve as a peaceful retreat where your dog can relax, sleep, and enjoy some quiet time. Make the crate inviting by placing soft bedding and their favorite toys inside. Encourage your dog to use the crate for relaxation by providing positive reinforcement and praise when they choose to spend time inside.

Traveling and crate training

Crate training becomes particularly valuable when traveling with your adult dog. The crate provides familiarity, security, and a consistent space for your dog, regardless of the new environments you encounter.

Using the crate as a familiar space while traveling

When embarking on trips or vacations, bring your dog’s crate along. The crate serves as a familiar space that provides comfort and security amid the unfamiliar surroundings. Set up the crate in your accommodations and introduce it to your dog as their personal space. This helps them feel more at ease and reduces anxiety caused by being in a new place.

Ensuring safety and comfort during car rides

When traveling by car, secure your dog’s crate properly to ensure their safety and well-being. Use a crate that is suitable for car travel and follow all safety guidelines. Ensure proper ventilation, and never leave your dog unattended in a parked vehicle. The crate provides a secure area for your dog during the journey, preventing them from wandering or getting injured.

Staying in hotels or visiting friends and family

When staying in hotels or visiting friends and family, the crate can be invaluable. It offers a familiar and controlled space for your dog in unfamiliar surroundings. Inform your hosts in advance about your dog’s crate training and ensure they respect your dog’s need for a designated area. This helps reduce stress for both your dog and the people you are visiting.

Addressing common concerns and misconceptions

There are some concerns and misconceptions surrounding crate training that need to be addressed.

Is crate training cruel?

Crate training, when done correctly, is not cruel. It provides a safe, den-like environment for your dog and helps fulfill their natural instinct for a secure space. However, it’s important to never use the crate as a form of punishment or leave your dog confined for excessively long periods. The crate should always be associated with positive experiences, comfort, and safety.

Can crate training cause separation anxiety?

Crate training, when properly implemented, does not cause separation anxiety. In fact, it can help alleviate separation anxiety by providing your dog with a secure and familiar space when you are away. Separation anxiety is typically caused by other factors, such as a lack of proper training, socialization, or a history of trauma. If your dog already exhibits signs of separation anxiety, consult a professional trainer or behaviorist for guidance.

What if my dog doesn’t like the crate?

Some dogs may initially resist or show hesitation towards the crate. Patience, positive reinforcement, and gradual introduction can help overcome their reluctance. Start by associating the crate with positive experiences, such as feeding meals inside or placing their favorite toys and treats in the crate. Make the crate inviting and gradually increase the time your dog spends inside. Seek guidance from a professional if your dog continues to show aversion to the crate.

Alternatives to crate training

While crate training is beneficial for most dogs, it may not be suitable for every situation or individual dog. Here are some alternatives to consider:

Using playpens or gates

If your dog doesn’t respond well to crate training, you can consider using playpens or gates to confine them to a designated area. These provide more space for your dog to move around while still limiting their access to certain areas of the house. Ensure the area is safe, free from hazards, and contains their bedding, toys, and water.

Designating a specific room

Another alternative is designating a specific room as your dog’s safe space. This can be a bedroom, laundry room, or any other area where they feel comfortable and secure. Use baby gates or barriers to restrict their access to other parts of the house. Provide all the necessary amenities, such as a bed, water bowl, and toys, to make the room appealing and comfortable for your dog.

Seeking professional guidance

If you’re facing challenges with crate training or any alternative methods, it’s beneficial to seek professional guidance. A qualified dog trainer or behaviorist can assess your dog’s specific needs, provide personalized advice, and help you develop a training plan tailored to your dog’s temperament and circumstances. They can address any concerns or issues you may be experiencing and guide you towards successful training methods.


Crate training adult dogs can bring numerous benefits for both the dog and the owner. From aiding in housebreaking to providing a safe haven, crate training offers a valuable tool for creating a well-behaved and happy companion. Remember to introduce the crate gradually, use positive reinforcement, and establish a consistent routine. Be mindful of your dog’s comfort and safety throughout the process.

By understanding the benefits of crate training, addressing common concerns and misconceptions, and exploring alternative options when needed, you can create a positive crate training experience for your adult dog. Remember, patience, consistency, and a loving approach are the keys to successful crate training.

FAQs about Crate Training Adult Dogs

  1. How long should I leave my adult dog in the crate?

The duration your adult dog can comfortably spend in the crate varies based on factors such as age, bladder control, and individual temperament. It’s generally recommended to start with short periods, gradually increasing the time. Avoid leaving your dog in the crate for extended periods, and always ensure they have regular breaks for exercise, mental stimulation, and bathroom breaks.

  1. Can I use a crate for multiple dogs?

Yes, you can use a crate for multiple dogs if they get along well and have enough space to be comfortable. Ensure the crate is large enough to accommodate both dogs comfortably, or consider using separate crates if needed. Each dog should have their own space and access to food, water, and bedding.

  1. Should I leave toys or food in the crate with my dog?

Toys can provide mental stimulation and entertainment for your dog while in the crate. However, it’s important to choose safe toys that your dog cannot swallow or choke on. It’s generally recommended to remove food bowls while your dog is in the crate to prevent accidents or spills. Instead, use treats for positive reinforcement during crate training.

  1. Can I crate train an older adult dog?

Yes, crate training can be effective for older adult dogs as well. The process may take longer compared to training puppies, but with patience and consistency, older dogs can learn to appreciate the comfort and security of the crate. Adjust the training methods based on your dog’s individual needs and abilities.

  1. Is it necessary to continue using the crate once my dog is fully trained?

Once your adult dog is fully crate trained, the decision to continue using the crate is up to you and your dog’s preferences. Some dogs continue to enjoy the security and familiarity of the crate even when they have the freedom to roam. Others may no longer

feel the need for the crate and can be trusted to have access to the house. Observe your dog’s behavior and assess whether they still seek out the crate for rest or relaxation. If they no longer show interest, you can gradually phase out the crate and provide them with other comfortable resting areas in the house.

Remember, every dog is unique, and their crate training journey may vary. Trust your instincts as a dog owner and make decisions based on what is best for your individual dog’s well-being and happiness.

In conclusion, crate training adult dogs can be a beneficial and rewarding experience for both you and your furry companion. It provides numerous advantages, such as aiding in housebreaking, offering a safe haven, and facilitating travel. By following the proper steps, addressing concerns, and considering alternative options when needed, you can successfully crate train your adult dog and establish a harmonious living environment. Embrace the process with patience, love, and understanding, and watch as your dog flourishes into a well-behaved and content member of your family.


American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), Crate Training

The Humane Society of the United States, Crate Training

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